Can AI and Automation Deliver a COVID-19 Antiviral While It Still Matters?

Illustration: Marysia Machulska Within moments of meeting each other at a conference last year, Nathan Collins and Yann Gaston-Mathé began devising a plan to work together. Gaston-Mathé runs a startup that applies automated software to the design of new drug candidates. Collins leads a team that uses an automated chemistry platform to synthesize new drug candidates. “There was an obvious synergy between their technology and ours,” recalls Gaston-Mathé, CEO and cofounder of Paris-based Iktos. In late 2019, the pair launched a project to create a brand-new antiviral drug that would block a specific protein exploited by influenza viruses. Then the COVID-19 pandemic erupted across the world stage, and Gaston-Mathé and Collins learned that the viral culprit, SARS-CoV-2, relied on a protein that was 97 percent similar to their influenza protein. The partners pivoted. Their companies are just two of hundreds of biotech firms eager to overhaul the drug-discovery process, often Continue reading Can AI and Automation Deliver a COVID-19 Antiviral While It Still Matters?

Satellites and AI Monitor Chinese Economy’s Reaction to Coronavirus

Researchers on WeBank’s AI Moonshot Team have taken a deep learning system developed to detect solar panel installations from satellite imagery and repurposed it to track China’s economic recovery from the novel coronavirus outbreak. This, as far as the researchers know, is the first time big data and AI have been used to measure the impact of the new coronavirus on China, Haishan Wu, vice general manager of WeBank’s AI department, told IEEE Spectrum. WeBank is a private Chinese online banking company founded by Tencent. The team used its neural network to analyze visible, near-infrared, and short-wave infrared images from various satellites, including the infrared bands from the Sentinel-2 satellite. This allowed the system to look for hot spots indicative of actual steel manufacturing inside a plant.  In the early days of the outbreak, this analysis showed that steel manufacturing had dropped to a low of 29 percent of capacity. But Continue reading Satellites and AI Monitor Chinese Economy’s Reaction to Coronavirus

How Adversarial Attacks Could Destabilize Military AI Systems

This piece was written as part of the Artificial Intelligence and International Stability Project at the Center for a New American Security, an independent, nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. Funded by Carnegie Corporation of New York, the project promotes thinking and analysis on AI and international stability. Given the likely importance that advances in artificial intelligence could play in shaping our future, it is critical to begin a discussion about ways to take advantage of the benefits of AI and autonomous systems, while mitigating the risks. The views expressed here are solely those of the author and do not represent positions of IEEE Spectrum or the IEEE. Artificial intelligence and robotic technologies with semi-autonomous learning, reasoning, and decision-making capabilities are increasingly being incorporated into defense, military, and security systems. Unsurprisingly, there is increasing concern about the stability and safety of these systems. In a different sector, runaway interactions between autonomous trading systems in financial markets have produced a Continue reading How Adversarial Attacks Could Destabilize Military AI Systems

AI Deception: When Your Artificial Intelligence Learns to Lie

This piece was written as part of the Artificial Intelligence and International Stability Project at the Center for a New American Security, an independent, nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. Funded by Carnegie Corporation of New York, the project promotes thinking and analysis on AI and international stability. Given the likely importance that advances in artificial intelligence could play in shaping our future, it is critical to begin a discussion about ways to take advantage of the benefits of AI and autonomous systems, while mitigating the risks. The views expressed here are solely those of the author and do not represent positions of IEEE Spectrum or the IEEE. In artificial intelligence circles, we hear a lot about adversarial attacks, especially ones that attempt to “deceive” an AI into believing, or to be more accurate, classifying, something incorrectly. Self-driving cars being fooled into “thinking” stop signs are speed limit signs, pandas being identified as gibbons, or even Continue reading AI Deception: When Your Artificial Intelligence Learns to Lie

Process Audit: How to Prepare Your Team for AI

Today, it is no longer a question of adopting AI or not. Instead, ask yourself if you and your sales team are ready for the inevitable. Artificial intelligence for business is a reality. If your goal is to forge ahead and lead in your field, then you need to adapt to a workplace where AI plays a crucial role. As J.J. Kardwell, founder and CEO of predictive marketing software company EverString, puts it: “Growth-focused sales organizations of every size and stage cannot afford to ignore the benefits of AI-assisted sales.” Where is AI for Business Today “Artificial Intelligence heralds dramatic potential for growth for both the economy and for humans.”—Accenture Institute of High Performance Managing Director-Economic Research, Mark Purdy. According to research done by Accenture, artificial intelligence is projected to improve labor productivity by as much as 40 percent. Likewise, the growth of major global economies hinges on AI, with projections Continue reading Process Audit: How to Prepare Your Team for AI

AI (Artificial Intelligence) – The Future Of Online Marketing?

Introduction What is AI? AI (Artificial Intelligence) is the technology that enables machines to perform duties that are usually done by human beings. These include duties that require understanding visuals, recognizing speech, making decisions, and translating various/different languages. There are a lot of reactions to the advent and growth of this technology. While a good number of people do not know about AI, those who know feel differently about it. There’s been talk that this technology is out to make people jobless. On the other hand, extremist believe that it is a signal to the end of the world.  While some of those positions have merit, some negative reactions are basically due to improper understanding of AI. The truth of the matter is that there are many benefits to be gained from the use of AI in business. Let’s take a look at some of them. Benefits Of The Use Continue reading AI (Artificial Intelligence) – The Future Of Online Marketing?

Nonhuman and Nonbiological Phenomenology

Tweet Late last month, I was at Theorizing the Web, in NYC, to moderate Panel B3, “Bot Phenomenology,” in which I was very grateful to moderate a panel of people I was very lucky to be able to bring together. Johnathan Flowers, Emma Stamm, and Robin Zebrowski were my interlocutors in a discussion about the potential nature of nonbiological phenomenology. Machine consciousness. What robots might feel. I led them through with questions like “What do you take phenomenology to mean?” and “what do you think of the possibility of a machine having a phenomenology of its own?” We discussed different definitions of “language” and “communication” and “body,” and unfortunately didn’t have a conversation about how certain definitions of those terms mean that what would be considered language between cats would be a cat communicating via signalling to humans. It was a really great conversation and the Live Stream video for Continue reading Nonhuman and Nonbiological Phenomenology